Install the DNS, DHCP, and PPPoE software: sudo apt install bind9 isc-dhcp-server pppoeconf

Disable and stop the DNS [bind9] and DHCP [isc-dhcp-server, isc-dhcp-server6] software for the moment and configure later.

  • sudo systemctl disable bind9
  • sudo systemctl stop bind9
  • sudo systemctl status bind9
  • sudo systemctl disable isc-dhcp-server
  • sudo systemctl stop isc-dhcp-server
  • sudo systemctl status isc-dhcp-server

“chap-secrets” configuration

Edit the chap-secrets file, sudo vim /etc/ppp/chap-secrets:

# Secrets for authentication using CHAP
# client            server        secret            IP addresses
 "yourusername"       *           "yourpassword"       *

The PPPoE software uses this information for authentication with the ISP. Some documentation states the username and password must be within quotation marks as shown above, however on my trials it seems to also work without. Use a * for server name and unless your ISP assigns an IP address, leave this blank.

Next a peer fille needs to be created for the connection. These files are located in “/etc/ppp/peers” directory. There is an example / template file in this directory, called “provider”. My provider is mynetfone, I edited the following file: sudo vim /etc/ppp/peers/mynetfone

For a good reference of these parameters man pppd.

# Minimalistic default options file for DSL/PPPoE connections
# man:pppd(8) man:pppoeconf(8)
# See the manual page pppd(8) for information on all the options.

#debug : information to /etc/syslog, use less +G /etc/syslog to see end of logfile

#noipdefault : Assumes that your IP address is allocated dynamically by the ISP.

# Use this connection as the default route.

#password is not placed in log file - default

# Do not ask the remote to authenticate.

# Makes pppd "dial again" when the connection is lost.

# maxfail number of retries before exiting, default 10, 0 means no limit
maxfail 0

# Load for kernel mode interface naming compatibility
# (ie, ppp0, ppp1)
plugin eno1

#Bind this connection specifically to ppp1
unit 1

#Ensure a PID entry with specified linkname is made pppoe
linkname pppoe

# MUST CHANGE: replace myusername@realm with the PPP login name
# given to you by your provider.
# There should be a matching entry with the password in
# /etc/ppp/pap-secrets and/or /etc/ppp/chap-secrets.
user yourusername (change to suit, I do not want my one public)

#Ask the peer for 2 DNS server addresses

These configuration files should allow a PPPoE connection to the ISP, using the command “pon mynetfone”. If successful there should be a new network interface ppp1

Some useful links: Ubuntu help ADSLPPPoE, Using PPPoE on Linux, discusses systemd setup for PPPoE, and man pppd - Point-to-Point Protocol Daemon.

Systemd service to create interface and start ppoe service, below: sudo vim /etc/systemd/system/pppoe.service:

Description=PPPoE connection
Documentation=man:pon(1) man:pppd(8) man:pppoeconf(8) man:interfaces(5)

ExecStart=/usr/sbin/pppd call provider


Use sudo systemctl daemon-reload to update systemd for new service. Then sudo systemd disable pppoe to disable this service from activating at system startup. We will enable later, once configuration is more complete.

To check log files use: sudo systemctl status pppoe or journalctl -u pppoe -b 0 -xe; -b 0 sees last boot, -xe sees end of file, -f to list the end of the file. Also remember to turn on / off the debug option in sudo vim /etc/ppp/peers/mynetfone. The debug information helped me debug problems with my ISP.

There were some concerns about pppd not being fully compatible with Netplan. Hence the attempt to manually set up wan/eno1 interface with an ip link set instruction in the pppoe.service script. The ip command is compatible with Netplan.

I played with the following options in the pppoe.service script:

ExecStartPre=/sbin/ip link set up dev eno1
ExecStartPre=/sbin/ip link add link eno1 name eno1.7 type vlan id 7
ExecStartPre=/sbin/ip link set up dev eno1.7
ExecStartPre=/sbin/ip addr add broadcast dev eno1
ExecStartPre=/sbin/ip route add via dev eno1

A reference to this problem and proposed solution can be see at How do I use Netplan to configure PPPoE? Actually, I believe the premiss that pppd is not compatible with netplan is incorrect as I managed to use so.

To allow the router to forward packet the Linux kernal must be setup to allow this. This is not necessarily a standard option.

To check IPv4 forwarding is turned on: sysctl net.ipv4.ip_forward. If equal 1 it is on otherwise if equal zero it is off.

To change to on: sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

To see all system variables concerning network: sysctl -a | grep network

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  • Last modified: 2023-04-30 Sun wk17 17:43
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