home_server:home_server_setup:other_services:nfs

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NFS

There are a lot of resources online for NFS (Network File System). Nevertheless I decided to place my notes here to help me with my configuration, as there are a number of nuances that such notes will potentially assist with in the future. Sadly a number of resources I use seem out of date, not updated and/or possible subject to disappearance.

The following are some helpful links:

Some other interesting nfs related commands:

  • mountstats give client side nfs operation statistics
  • showmount Shows the clients (IP addresses) mounted to the nfs server
  • nfsstat Shows some nfs server server statistics

—-

  • sudo apt install nfs-kernel-server to install
  • Create share directories on host sudo mkdir -p /export/storage (-p also creates higher level directories if necessary.)

sudo vim /etc/exports - edit the exports file as required

# /etc/exports: the access control list for filesystems which may be exported
/export         192.168.1.0/24(insecure,no_subtree_check,rw,nohide,fsid=0)
#/export/Disk1  192.168.1.0/24(insecure,no_subtree_check,rw,nohide)
#/export/Disk2  192.168.1.0/24(insecure,no_subtree_check,rw,nohide)
/export/Disk4  192.168.1.0/24(insecure,no_subtree_check,rw,nohide)
/export/shared  192.168.1.0/24(insecure,no_root_squash,no_subtree_check,rw,nohide)
/export/storage 192.168.1.0/24(insecure,no_subtree_check,rw,nohide,fsid=1)
  • As the /export/storage is using mergerfs it needed to be given a separate fsid. (The fsid can just be a unique assigned integer.)
  • /export/Disk1 and /export/Disk2 have been commented out as they are form /export/storage using mergerfs.

Adjust the sudo vim /etc/fstab file to allow for boot setup of nfs export mount points.

#<file system>                              <mount point> <type>  <options>        <dump>  <pass>

UUID=d426f5e0-7fbd-4e7f-915e-b7c78eb70877   /              ext4   errors=remount-ro 0       1
UUID=e3442da3-4eaf-477d-94af-6ace66097a54   none           swap   sw                0       0
UUID=2fedae7e-8214-4fec-a6dd-85d7026d474f   /media/Disk1   ext4   defaults          0       0
UUID=38f52a66-fe96-4eb4-a794-6fe1d02bab4a   /media/Disk2   ext4   defaults          0       0
UUID=1cb1509c-ec09-46cd-ab30-23f3be5b554e   /media/Disk3   ext4   defaults          0       0
UUID=2ba18a1e-d48d-4122-bff8-30c2bc359749   /media/Disk4   ext4   defaults          0       0
/media/Disk1:/media/Disk2                   /srv/storage   fuse.mergerfs use_ino,defaults,allow_other,minfreespace=50G,fsname=mergerfs                       0       0
#/media/Disk1                               /export/Disk1   bind    bind            0       0
#/media/Disk2                               /export/Disk2   bind    bind            0       0
/srv/storage                                /export/storage bind    bind            0       0
/media/Disk4                                /export/Disk4   bind    bind            0       0
/home/shared                                /export/shared  bind    bind            0       0

The base server configurations options are given in: sudo vim /etc/default/nfs-kernel-server. However the current base options meet our needs and do not need to be modified.

To apply configuration changes sudo systemctl restart nfs-server.service

  • sudo apt install nfs-common to install the nfs client

To apply configuration changes sudo systemctl restart nfs-client.target

The base client configurations options are given in: sudo vim /etc/default/nfs-common. However the current base options meet our needs and do not need to be modified.

  • NEED_STATD=no :(default) we do not need to change the standard port number used
  • NEED_GSSD=no :(default) we do not use kerebos security
  • NEED_IDMAPD=no:(default) we do not need to map gid and uid with names

Mounting the nfs client manually:

  • sudo mount -t nfs -o rw,vers=4 192.168.1.5:/storage /mnt/storage to mount just the specific directory.
  • sudo mount -t nfs -o rw,vers=4 192.168.1.5:/export /mnt to mount all the defined exports.
  • sudo unmount /mnt/storage to unmount

Check status of clients:

  • findmnt to list file system in tree format or findmnt -l in flat list.

To allow automatic boot of nfs clients: sudo vim /etc/fstab

192.168.1.5:/export  /mnt  nfs4 bg 0 0 

  • /mnt/shared/www/dokuwiki/data/pages/home_server/home_server_setup/other_services/nfs.txt
  • Last modified: 2022-08-31 Wed wk35 05:10
  • by baumkp